PLACES TO VISIT
|Chaung Thar Beach
||Ngwe Saung Beach
- INLAY LAKE
- CHAUNG-THA BEACH
- NGWE SAUNG BEACH
- KYAIK HTI YO
- MAW LA MYINE
- KAN THAYA BEACH
- MAUNG MAGAN BEACH
FESTIVALS AND MAJOR EVENTS
- SEASONAL FRUITS OF MYANMAR
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MYANMAR IN BRIEF
Myanmar is the traditional name both of the country and of its people. The British called the country "Burma" following colloquial usage and coiled the name "Burmese" for the people.
Myanmar, know as Suvanna Bhumi (the Golden Earth) in the olden days for its fertile land and rich natural resources is the largest country in the South-east Asia Peninsular sharing borders with Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. With a total land area of 676,577 sq. km, it is about the size of Texas and the size of United Kingdom and France combined. The country stretches over 2090 km from north to south and over 925 km east to west. It has a 2832 km long coastline on the Indian Ocean. Over 50 percent of the total land area is covered with forests.
Generally, Myanmar has three seasons. The monsoon or rainy season is from May to October, the cool dry season from November to February, and the hot season from March to May. During the rainy season, rainfall varies from 500 cm in coastal region to 75 cm in the central dry zone. Average temperature ranges from 32 C in central and lower areas to 21 C in the northern highlands.
Early civilization in Myanmar dates back to the 1st century with archaeological evidences of the Pyu Kingdoms of Thayekhittaya (Sri Ksetra), Beithano (Visnu) and Hanlin.
King Anawrahta who unified the country through his strong leadership and intellect founded the first Myanmar Empire in early 11th century. The Empire with its capital at Bagan lasted until the end of 13th century with the invasion of the Mongols. This was more than 20 years before the Norman Conquest of the England in 1066. The second Myanmar Empire with its capital in Bago (Pegu) was founded in mid - 16th century by King Bayin Naung. King Alaung Paya founded the third and the last Myanmar Empire in 1752. In the 19th Century, during the peak period of colonialism, the British annexed Myanmar in three stages after three Anglo-Myanmar Wars in 1825, 1852 and 1885. During the Second World War, the Japanese occupied Myanmar for nearly three years until the Allied Forces' reoccupying in 1945. Myanmar became a sovereign independent state on January 4, 1948.
Myanmar is a union of 135 ethnic groups with their own languages and dialects. The major races are the Bamar, the Chin, the Kachin, the Shan, the Kayah, the Kayin, the Mon and the Rakhine. The name Myanmar embraces all the ethnic groups. The population of Myanmar is over 47 million with the Bamar, the majority race, making up about 70 percent.
Predominantly a Buddhist country with more than 80 percent of the people embracing Theravada Buddhism. There are also Christians, Muslims, Hindus and some animists.
Myanmar lies between two great civilizations, India and China, but it has developed its own distinctive culture. Buddhism has a great influence on the daily lives of the Myanmar people. The people have preserved the traditions of close family ties, respect for elders and simple native dress. While tolerance and contentment are the characteristics of the people, Myanmar hospitality is legendary.
The official language is Myanmar. English is widely spoken and understood.
It is a transitional economy moving from 26 years of centrally planned socialist to market-oriented open economy. Private sector has been encouraged and developed in both domestic and external trade. Foreign investment is allowed in almost all sectors of the economy with generous incentives for investors. Agriculture remains the main sector of the economy and private sector participation is strongly encouraged for rapid and sustainable development. In industry, small and medium enter arrangement.
Overland entry is permitted for Thai tourists with border pass and for third party tourists with visa at Tachilek, Three Pagoda Pass, Myawaddy and Kawthaung check points along Myanmar-Thai Border; and for Chinese tourists with border pass and for third party tourists with visa at Lweje, Nam Kham, Muse, Kyukoke, Kwanlong, Mong Lar along Myanmar-China Border.
Foreign currency above US$ 2000, jewellery, electrical goods and cameras must be declared at the airport. Export of antiques and archaeologically valuable items are prohibited.
Duty free allowance: Two bottles of liquor; two cartons of cigarettes; 100 cigar; 1.5 lb of tobacco; one pint bottle of perfume or eau de cologne.
Myanmar currency is the Kyat, made up of 100 pyas. Currency notes come in the following denomination: K1000, K 500, K 200, K 100, K 90, K 50, K 45, K 20, K 15, K 10, K 5, K 1 and Pya 50. Visitors are not allowed to bring in or take out Kyat.
No vaccination certificate is required unless coming from an infected area.
The Myanmar calendar subscribes to both the solar and lunar months, thus requiring an intercalary 30-day 13th month every second or third year. Therefore, the full moon days may change from one month to another in the usual calendar. The Myanmar months and the respective festivals are as follows.
Kachin Manao Festival (Kachin)
Ananda Pagoda Festival (Bagan)
Naga New Year (Sagaing)
Full Moon Day of Dabodwei (Countrywide)
Htamane Festival (Countrywide)
Mahamuni Pagoda Festival (Mandalay)
Salone Festival (Tanintharyi Division)
Shwe Dagon Pagoda (Yangon)
Kakku Pagoda Festival (Inle)
Full Moon Day of Tabaung (Countrywide)
Shwe Umin Pagoda Festival (Shan State)
Mann Shwesettaw Festival
Thingyan Water Festival (Countrywide)
Thanakha Grinding Festival (Rakhine)
Full Moon Day of Tagu (Countrywide)
Shwe Maw Daw Pagoda Festival (Bago)
Myanmar New Year Festival (Countrywide)
Full Moon Day of Kason (or) Bo Tree Watering Festival (Countrywide)
Pariyatti Sasana Examination
Full Moon Day of Waso
August (Waso/ Wakhaung)
Phaungdawoo Pagoda Festival
Full Moon Day of Thadingyut
Dancing Elephant Festival (Kyaukse)
Kyaikhtiyo Pagoda Festival (Mon State)
Matho Thingan (Yangon)
Hot-air balloon Festival (Shan State)
Full Moon Day of Tazaungmone
Kayin New Year (Kayin State)
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Near Central Railway Station,
Kun Chan Road, Yangon, Myanmar (Burma).
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